5 Best Ways to Change TTK Button Height in Python

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πŸ’‘ Problem Formulation: When designing a graphical user interface in Python with Tkinter’s Themed Widget (TTK), you might often want to customize the appearance of buttons. Suppose you need to increase the size of a TTK button to make it more accessible or visually appealing. This article explores five effective methods to change the height of a TTK button in a Python application, ensuring it matches your design requirements.

Method 1: Using the ‘style’ Property and ‘configure’

An effective way to change the height of a TTK button is by creating a custom style with a specific height setting and assigning it to the button. The style object’s configure method allows you to adjust many aspects of TTK widgets, including height.

Here’s an example:

import tkinter as tk
from tkinter import ttk

root = tk.Tk()
style = ttk.Style(root)
style.configure('Big.TButton', height=100)

btn = ttk.Button(root, text='Large Button', style='Big.TButton')
btn.pack()

root.mainloop()

The button will appear with a customized height on the window.

This code snippet begins by importing the required libraries and creating the main application window. A new style configuration called ‘Big.TButton’ is created, where the height of the button is set to 100. The button is then created with the newly defined style and added to the main window.

Method 2: Modifying the ‘padding’ Property of the Style

Another technique for changing the button height is by adjusting the padding property of the button’s style. The padding adds space inside the boundaries of the widget and can effectively make the button appear larger.

Here’s an example:

import tkinter as tk
from tkinter import ttk

root = tk.Tk()
style = ttk.Style(root)
style.configure('Padded.TButton', padding=(0, 20))

btn = ttk.Button(root, text='Padded Button', style='Padded.TButton')
btn.pack()

root.mainloop()

The button will appear with increased vertical space, effectively increasing its height.

In this example, we adjust the vertical padding to 20, making the button’s height larger while keeping the horizontal padding at 0. This is a simple and quick way to modify the button’s appearance without making significant changes to other style aspects.

Method 3: Using the ‘image’ Property to Simulate Height Change

If you’d like the button to have a particular height that is not achievable through styling, you can use an invisible image with the desired height and set this as the button’s image. The overall height of the button adjusts to accommodate the image size.

Here’s an example:

import tkinter as tk
from tkinter import ttk

root = tk.Tk()

# Create an invisible 1x50 px image
img = tk.PhotoImage(width=1, height=50)
style = ttk.Style(root)
style.configure('Img.TButton', image=img.name)

btn = ttk.Button(root, text='Image Button', style='Img.TButton')
btn.pack()

root.mainloop()

The button now has the height of the invisible image applied to it.

This method employs a crafty workaround by utilizing a transparent image. The image’s dimensions are set to have the desired height, and the width is set to a minimal value so it doesn’t affect the width of the button. This approach can be helpful when other methods don’t provide the exact look you need.

Method 4: Changing Button Height Dynamically

Sometimes you may want to adjust the button size dynamically, based on user actions or other programming conditions. You can do this by altering the button’s style properties at runtime.

Here’s an example:

import tkinter as tk
from tkinter import ttk

def increase_height(event=None):
    style.configure('Dynamic.TButton', height=style.lookup('Dynamic.TButton', 'height') + 2)

root = tk.Tk()
style = ttk.Style(root)
style.configure('Dynamic.TButton', height=20)

btn = ttk.Button(root, text='Increase Height', style='Dynamic.TButton')
btn.bind('<Button-1>', increase_height)
btn.pack()

root.mainloop()

Each click on the button increases its height slightly.

This code snippet sets an event handler that increases the button’s height by 2 pixels each time it’s clicked. This example demonstrates how you can make the UI reactive to user input, creating a more dynamic and interactive application experience.

Bonus One-Liner Method 5: Expanding Buttons with Layout Options

Although not specifically changing the button’s height property, you can make a button fill available vertical space with the pack layout manager’s fill and expand options.

Here’s an example:

import tkinter as tk
from tkinter import ttk

root = tk.Tk()

btn = ttk.Button(root, text='Expanding Button')
btn.pack(fill='y', expand=True)

root.mainloop()

The button expands vertically, filling its container.

This simplest method commands the button to occupy any additional vertical space provided by its container widget. It’s a rapid and efficient way to create a proportional GUI layout that adjusts to the application’s size.

Summary/Discussion

  • Method 1: Custom Style and Configure. Strengths: Offers precise control over the button’s dimensions. Weaknesses: May require adjustments if used in different parts of the application.
  • Method 2: Padding Property. Strengths: Simple, quick way to adjust size. Weaknesses: Depending on the theme, the padding may not always achieve the desired visual effect.
  • Method 3: Invisible Image Technique. Strengths: Provides a workaround when other methods fall short. Weaknesses: More of a hack than a direct solution; it can complicate image management within the app.
  • Method 4: Dynamic Size Changes. Strengths: Creates an interactive UI experience. Weaknesses: Button size can become inconsistent throughout the application.
  • Bonus Method 5: Expanding Buttons with Layout. Strengths: Quick and scales with window size. Weaknesses: The button’s height is not fixed and varies with the container size.