# 5 Best Ways to Plot Google Maps Using gmplot Package in Python

π‘ Problem Formulation: You need to display geographic data on a Google Map in a Python application. How can you do so programmatically while still having the ability to customize markers, lines, and other features? Imagine you’re provided with latitudes and longitudes and wish to visualize these points on a map for analysis or presentation.

## Method 1: Plotting Single Location Marker

This method simply places a marker on a Google Map using the gmplot package. The `GoogleMapPlotter` class is used to create a map object and the `marker()` method places a marker at specified latitude and longitude. This is perfect for pinpointing a single location on the map.

Here’s an example:

```from gmplot import GoogleMapPlotter

# Create a map object at a specific location

# Place a marker
gmap.marker(37.428, -122.145, 'cornflowerblue')

# Generate HTML map file
gmap.draw("my_map.html")
```

This code generates an HTML file named “my_map.html” with a Google Map showing a single marker at the defined coordinates.

In the given snippet, we’ve instantiated a `GoogleMapPlotter` object for a specific zoom and coordinates, added a single ‘cornflowerblue’ marker, and drawn it out to an HTML file. This way, the marker appears when the HTML file is opened in a browser.

## Method 2: Drawing a Line Between Points

To draw a line between multiple points, use `plot()` method on the map object. The method takes two array-like sequences of latitudes and longitudes, alongside a color and edge width. This is great for tracing routes or paths.

Here’s an example:

```from gmplot import GoogleMapPlotter

# Create map object

# Latitude and longitude points
latitudes = [37.428, 37.429]
longitudes = [-122.145, -122.146]

# Draw a line between given points
gmap.plot(latitudes, longitudes, 'cornflowerblue', edge_width=10)

# Generate the map
gmap.draw("my_map.html")
```

This code results in “my_map.html” where a line is drawn between the defined latitude and longitude points.

Here, we’ve created an overlay line on the map using the `plot()` method, which draws the line in ‘cornflowerblue’ and an edge width of 10. This visualizes the connection or path between given geographic points.

The `gmplot` package allows drawing of polygons with the `polygon()` method. The parameters are similar to `plot()`, but it fills the area enclosed by lines. This is ideal for highlighting areas on a map.

Here’s an example:

```from gmplot import GoogleMapPlotter

# New map instance

# Define polygon points
polygon_latitudes = [37.428, 37.428, 37.429, 37.429]
polygon_longitudes = [-122.145, -122.146, -122.146, -122.145]

# Draw the polygon
gmap.polygon(polygon_latitudes, polygon_longitudes, color='cornflowerblue')

# Output the map
gmap.draw("my_polygon_map.html")
```

“my_polygon_map.html” includes a highlighted polygon covering the area defined by the points in the lists.

This code outlines the usage of the `polygon()` method to create filled-in areas on the map, using an array of latitude and longitude points which mark the vertices of the polygon.

## Method 4: Heatmaps

The gmplot package also supports plotting heatmaps using the `heatmap()` method. It takes latitude and longitude points to show density or intensity in different areas, perfect for visualizing data concentration.

Here’s an example:

```from gmplot import GoogleMapPlotter

# Start a new map

# Coordinates for the heatmap
lats = [37.428 + i * 0.001 for i in range(10)]
lons = [-122.145 + i * 0.001 for i in range(10)]

# Create heatmap
gmap.heatmap(lats, lons)

# Save to HTML
gmap.draw("my_heatmap.html")
```

The produced “my_heatmap.html” will show a heatmap based on the density of the provided points.

By employing `heatmap()`, we’ve injected a visual representation of data density into the map, which can tell a deeper story about the distribution of a dataset across a geographic area.

## Bonus One-Liner Method 5: Quick Scatter Plot

For a swift scatter plot to represent numerous points, the `scatter()` method can be used. It’s ideal for quickly placing multiple markers without much customization.

Here’s an example:

```from gmplot import GoogleMapPlotter

# Setup map

# Scatter points
gmap.scatter([37.428, 37.429], [-122.145, -122.146], '#3B0B39', size=40, marker=False)

# Save to file
gmap.draw("my_scatter.html")
```

Execution results in an HTML file “my_scatter.html” displaying scattered points on the map.

This one-liner lets you quickly visualize multiple data points on your map. By using `scatter()`, we bypass the need for markers, instead opting for simple, colored dots on the map, sized as specified.

## Summary/Discussion

• Method 1: Single Location Marker. Simple and straightforward. Cannot represent multiple points without additional code.
• Method 2: Drawing Lines Between Points. Connects multiple locations creating a path. Not suitable for non-linear or complex data representations.
• Method 3: Adding Polygons. Useful for highlighting areas. Requires knowing the coordinates of all vertices, which might not be trivial for complex shapes.
• Method 4: Heatmaps. Excellent for visualizing intensity or density information. The resulting visual can become confusing if too many data points overlap.
• Method 5: Quick Scatter Plot. Speedy data points plotting. Does not involve detailed marker customization, hence more basic in its representation.