# 5 Best Ways to Program to Arrange Cards in Ascending Order in Python

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π‘ Problem Formulation: Imagine you have a deck of cards with different values and you want to write a Python program to sort these cards so they’re revealed in ascending order. This article will guide you through various methods of achieving this, from basic sorting techniques to more advanced methods. For instance, if the input is a list of card values like [5, 3, 8, 1], the desired output would be a sorted list [1, 3, 5, 8].

## Method 1: Using the Sorted Function

The `sorted()` function in Python returns a new sorted list from the items in any iterable. You can use this built-in function to easily sort the cards in ascending order. This method is highly efficient as it is implemented with the best sorting algorithms available in Python.

Here’s an example:

```cards = [5, 3, 8, 1]
sorted_cards = sorted(cards)
print(sorted_cards)```

Output:

`[1, 3, 5, 8]`

This code snippet creates a list called `cards`, sorts it using the `sorted()` function, and assigns the result to `sorted_cards`. It then prints the sorted list, which will display the cards in ascending order.

## Method 2: Using the List’s Sort Method

The list’s own `sort()` method sorts the list in place directly, without creating a new list. This is more memory-efficient, especially with a large number of cards, but it also means the original order is lost.

Here’s an example:

```cards = [5, 3, 8, 1]
cards.sort()
print(cards)```

Output:

`[1, 3, 5, 8]`

In this snippet, we again have a list of card values. The `sort()` method is called on the list which rearranges the list items in ascending order. The sorted list is printed to the console.

## Method 3: Using a Priority Queue

A Priority Queue (heapq in Python) is a binary tree structure that allows you to always extract the smallest element. This can be used to draw cards in ascending order efficiently, especially when constantly adding and removing cards.

Here’s an example:

```import heapq

cards = [5, 3, 8, 1]
heapq.heapify(cards)

sorted_cards = [heapq.heappop(cards) for _ in range(len(cards))]
print(sorted_cards)```

Output:

`[1, 3, 5, 8]`

The `heapq` module transforms the list into a heap in-place, then the `heappop()` method is used to pop and return the smallest element until the heap is empty. This builds the `sorted_cards` list in ascending order.

## Method 4: Implementing Insertion Sort

Insertion sort is a simple sorting algorithm that builds the sorted array one item at a time. This might be less efficient for large datasets but is easy to understand and implement, and very efficient for small or nearly sorted lists.

Here’s an example:

```def insertion_sort(cards):
for i in range(1, len(cards)):
key = cards[i]
j = i-1
while j >=0 and key < cards[j] :
cards[j+1] = cards[j]
j -= 1
cards[j+1] = key

cards = [5, 3, 8, 1]
insertion_sort(cards)
print(cards)```

Output:

`[1, 3, 5, 8]`

This code defines a function called `insertion_sort` that takes a list of card values and sorts it in place using insertion sort. Each card is inserted into its proper location in the part of the list that has already been sorted.

## Bonus One-Liner Method 5: Using Lambda with Sort

You can use a one-liner in Python that involves a lambda function to sort cards based on a custom condition, for instance, if you have tuples representing cards with (value, suit).

Here’s an example:

```cards = [(5, 'hearts'), (3, 'clubs'), (8, 'spades'), (1, 'diamonds')]
cards.sort(key=lambda card: card[0])
print(cards)```

Output:

`[(1, 'diamonds'), (3, 'clubs'), (5, 'hearts'), (8, 'spades')]`

This code sorts a list of tuples containing card values and suits. The `sort()` method uses a lambda function as the key argument, which tells `sort` to order the cards based on the first element of each tuple (the card value).

## Summary/Discussion

• Method 1: Using the Sorted Function. Simple and efficient. Best for when you need to retain the original list order.
• Method 2: Using the List’s Sort Method. Efficient in terms of memory usage as it doesn’t create a new list. The original list order is not retained.
• Method 3: Using a Priority Queue. Excellent for large datasets and when elements are continuously added and removed. More complex implementation than simple sorting methods.
• Method 4: Implementing Insertion Sort. Good educational value but less efficient for large datasets. Works well on small or nearly sorted lists.
• Bonus One-Liner Method 5: Using Lambda with Sort. Excellent for sorting with custom criteria. Concise and readable for those familiar with lambda functions.