5 Best Ways to Reset the Background Color of a Python Tkinter Button

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πŸ’‘ Problem Formulation: When working with GUI applications in Python using Tkinter, you might need to reset the background color of a button. For instance, after a button has been pressed, you may want to indicate that the action is complete by returning its color to the original state. This article will explore different ways to achieve this, from resetting it to default to assigning a new color.

Method 1: Resetting to Default

One way to reset the background color of a Tkinter button is by setting the background attribute back to the default system color or to an explicitly defined default. This is achieved by using the configure() method on the button instance. This method is straightforward and useful when you have to revert to the original look of the application.

Here’s an example:

import tkinter as tk

root = tk.Tk()
button = tk.Button(root, text="Click Me!", bg="green")
button.pack()

def reset_bg_color():
    button.configure(bg="SystemButtonFace")

button['command'] = reset_bg_color
root.mainloop()

Output: The button’s background color resets to the default system button color upon a click.

This simple function reset_bg_color() reconfigures the button’s background color to match the default system button color, which is often a neutral grey on many operating systems.

Method 2: Reassigning a New Color

If you want to reset the background color to a specific color that is different from the system’s default, you can use the configure() method to assign a new color. This method offers flexibility as you can set any background color you desire, and it’s particularly useful for thematic applications.

Here’s an example:

import tkinter as tk

root = tk.Tk()
button = tk.Button(root, text="Click Me!", bg="red")
button.pack()

def reset_bg_color():
    button.configure(bg="blue")

button['command'] = reset_bg_color
root.mainloop()

Output: The button’s background color changes from red to blue when clicked.

By defining reset_bg_color(), we change the button’s background color to blue on a click event. This approach gives you the freedom to adjust the visual feedback of your UI components according to user interaction.

Method 3: Using a Color Variable

By utilizing a color variable, you can dynamically reset the background color of a button. This approach is useful when the new color needs to be computed or can change during the application’s runtime. The color can be defined as a string variable and passed to configure() whenever you need to reset it.

Here’s an example:

import tkinter as tk

root = tk.Tk()
default_color = "purple"
button = tk.Button(root, text="Click Me!", bg=default_color)
button.pack()

def reset_bg_color(color=default_color):
    button.configure(bg=color)

button['command'] = reset_bg_color
root.mainloop()

Output: The button returns to its default purple background color after being clicked.

Here, reset_bg_color() is a function that uses default_color to reset the button background. This is particularly handy when maintaining consistency is critical, and the default color may be subject to change.

Method 4: Reverting to a Pre-stored Color

To maintain flexibility, you can preserve the original background color in a variable before changing it, allowing you to revert to that specific color upon reset. This works well when the starting color is determined programmatically or if there is a need to cycle through various colors.

Here’s an example:

import tkinter as tk

root = tk.Tk()
original_color = "orange"
button = tk.Button(root, text="Click Me!", bg=original_color)
button.pack()

def change_color():
    button.configure(bg="yellow")

def reset_bg_color():
    button.configure(bg=original_color)

button['command'] = change_color
button.after(2000, reset_bg_color)  # Resets color after 2 seconds
root.mainloop()

Output: The button changes to yellow when clicked, then automatically returns to orange after 2 seconds.

The example shows how to alter the button color temporarily and then automatically revert it to the initial color stored in original_color. The after() method is used to schedule the change back.

Bonus One-Liner Method 5: Using a lambda inside the command

This one-liner approach is great for simple color resets, where you can directly set the background color inside the lambda function used in the button’s command. This is the most concise method, suitable for quick changes without the need for additional functions.

Here’s an example:

import tkinter as tk

root = tk.Tk()
button = tk.Button(root, text="Click Me!", bg="black")
button.pack()

button['command'] = lambda: button.configure(bg="white")
root.mainloop()

Output: The button’s background color changes to white when clicked.

The lambda function serves as a quick way to reset the button’s background color to white. This is especially useful for very small applications where the addition of dedicated functions is not necessary or practical.

Summary/Discussion

  • Method 1: Resetting to Default. Simple and effective for reverting to the system look. However, limited when custom colors are required.
  • Method 2: Reassigning a New Color. Provides control over the color changes, suitable for diverse UI themes. Needs specific color values.
  • Method 3: Using a Color Variable. Offers flexibility in resetting colors dynamically. Requires additional logic for color variable management.
  • Method 4: Reverting to a Pre-stored Color. Ideal for applications with a need to preserve original states. Needs a variable to store the initial color.
  • Method 5: Using a lambda inside the command. Quick and easy for limited scope adjustments. Not suitable where more complex color logic is involved.