How to Fix “ValueError: The truth value of an array with more than one element is ambiguous. Use a.any() or a.all()”

If you run the following code, you’ll experience a special ValueError: The output will be this error message: Try It Yourself in our interactive browser shell: Solution: Using the Numpy functions called logical_and() and logical_or() instead of Python’s logical operators (“and” and “or”) is the solution. Master the basics and join the “Python Built-in Functions” … Read more

How to Access an Object Attribute Given the Attribute Name as a String?

You may know the following problem: You have an object’s attribute name as a string—say, you’ve read it from a file—and you want to access the attribute with the given name. But you cannot use the syntax object.”attribute” because the dot notation only allows for name-access like this: object.attribute. How do you resolve this problem? … Read more