Error

Solidity Error Handling with assert(), require(), revert() – A Guide for Python Coders

In Solidity, you can use the require, revert, and assert functions to check error conditions and handle exceptions, but they look similar at first glance, and you might get confused about how to use them. This article will explain their differences, specifically to Python developers. We use a simple smart contract below, taken from the …

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How to Fix UnicodeDecodeError when Reading CSV file in Pandas with Python?

Introduction In general, encoding means using a specific code for the letters, symbols, and numbers. Numerous encoding standards that are used for encoding a Unicode character. The most common ones are utf-8, utf-16, ISO-8859-1, latin, etc. For example, the character $ corresponds to U+0024 in utf-8 standard and the same corresponds to U+0024 in UTF-16 …

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Why Does “pip search” Lead to an ERROR: XMLRPC request failed?

Today, when trying to get some information about specific pip packages, I wanted to use the pip search command in my local computer’s PowerShell. pip search Here’s the syntax: py -m pip search [options] <query> The semantics of pip search is to find PyPI packages that contain the <query> in their package name. Error Message …

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[Solved] AttributeError: can’t set attribute in python

Problem Formulation You create a namedtuple object in your code and you want to overwrite one of the attribute values like you’re used to for normal objects: But, unexpectedly, Python raises an AttributeError: can’t set attribute. 😖 What can you do? 🤔 Let’s understand the reason this error occurs—after that you’ll learn the best fixes. …

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How to Print the Exception Without Exiting Your Python Program?

Problem Formulation Given a basic Python program. How to print an exception if it occurs without exiting the program? For example, consider the following program that raises a ZeroDivisionError: division by zero. The output is: You want the program to keep running and executing the print statement after giving you a note about the exception: …

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[Solved] TypeError: method() takes 1 positional argument but 2 were given

From teaching hundreds of thousands of students Python, I found this error to be a classic. I think understanding classes is hard enough, but many coders who’ve just started to learn about Python are rightly confused 😖 about the TypeError that complains about too few positional arguments. Let’s resolve this confusion once and for all, …

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[Fixed] Unknown label type: ‘continuous’ in sklearn LogisticRegression

Summary: Use SKLearn’s LogisticRegression Model for classification problems only. The Y variable is a category (e.g., binary [0,1]), not continuous (e.g. float numbers 3.4, 7.9). If the Y variable is non-categorical (i.e., continuous), the potential fixes are as follows. Re-examine the data. Try to encode the continuous Y variable into categories (e.g., use SKLearn’s LabelEncoder preprocessor). Re-examine …

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[Fixed] ImportError: No module named requests

Problem Formulation: How to fix ImportError: No module named requests in Python? You might be working on a web scraping project and want to import the requests library and check the status of the response. However, as soon as you try to execute your code, Python throws ImportError as shown below. Example: Output: ✨ The Requests Library Requests …

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[Solved] TypeError: A Bytes-Like object Is Required, not ‘str’

Introduction Objective: In this tutorial, our goal is to fix the following exception TypeError: A Bytes-Like object Is Required, not ‘str’ and also discuss similar exceptions along with their solutions. Example: Consider the following file ‘scores.txt’which contains scores of some random candidates. Now, let us try to access the score obtained by Ravi from the …

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