How to End a Function Def in Python?

Problem Formulation Given a function definition in Python, starting with the keyword def: How to know when a “def” of a function ends? For example, in Java and C++, functions are enclosed with opening and closing parentheses {…}, so the ending of a function is not ambiguous. Ending a Function Syntactically In Python, whitespace indentation … Read more

Python Operators Overview

What Are Python Operators? Python operators are special syntactical sugar to run basic operations without calling their respective methods. For example, you can use the + operator in a + b instead of the more clunky .add() method in a.add(b). Each operator has a unique symbol that is placed between the two arguments called operands. … Read more

How to Get a Function Name as a String in Python?

Problem Formulation Given a function object assigned to a name. How to get the name of the function as a string? For example, consider the following function your_function. How to get the name “your_function” from this? Your desired value of the result stored in string_name is the string “your_function”. Method 1: Use the __name__ Attribute … Read more

The Reduce Function in Python 3: Simply Explained

? The reduce() function from Python’s functools module aggregates an iterable to a single element. It repeatedly merges two iterable elements into a single one as defined in the function argument. By repeating this, only a single element will remain — the return value. Minimal Example Here’s the minimal example: The code performs the following steps: … Read more

Python Set intersection()

Python’s set.intersection(sets) creates and returns a new set consisting of the elements that are members of all sets — this and the set argument(s). The resulting set has at most as many elements as any other set given in the argument list. Here’s a minimal example that creates a new set arising from the intersection … Read more

How to Dynamically Create a Function in Python?

Problem Formulation There are different variants of this problem that all ask the same thing: How to create a function dynamically in Python? How to define a function at runtime? How to define a function programmatically? How to create a function from a string? There are many ways to answer these questions—most web resources provide … Read more

How to Check if a Key Exists in a Python Dictionary?

Summary: To check whether a key exists in a dictionary, you can use: The in keyword The keys() method The get() method The has_key() method Overview Mastering dictionaries is one of the things that differentiates the expert coders from the intermediate coders. Why? Because dictionaries in Python have many excellent properties in terms of runtime—and … Read more