## How to Find Multiple Occurrences of a String Within a String in Python?

Problem Formulation: Given a longer string and a shorter string. How to find all occurrences of the shorter string in the longer one? Consider the following example: Longer string: ‘Finxters learn Python with Finxter’ Shorter string: ‘Finxter’ Result: [‘Finxter’, ‘Finxter’] Optionally, you may also want to print the positions where the shorter string arise in … Read more

## How to Split a Byte String into Lines?

Problem Formulation: Given a byte string that contains new-line characters ‘\n’. How to split the byte string into a list of lines? Example: You want to transform the byte string b’your\nbyte\nstring’ into the list of byte strings [b’your’, b’byte’, b’string’] using b’\n’ as a newline separator. Given: b’your\nbyte\nstring’ Goal: [b’your’, b’byte’, b’string’] Solution: To split … Read more

## How to Print an Integer with Commas as Thousands Separators in Python?

Problem Formulation: Given an integer number. How to convert the integer to a string representation for printing or other use that has thousand separators? Example: Given an integer number 1000000. You want the string representation ‘1,000,000’. Method 1: f-Strings Using the modern f-strings is, in my opinion, the most Pythonic solution to add commas as … Read more

## How to Remove Everything After the Last Character in a String?

Problem Formulation Given string s, and character c. How to remove all characters in s after the first occurrence of c? Example Given: – string s = ‘hello world’, and – empty space character c = ‘ ‘. Desired result: ‘hello’ Method 1: string.index() + slicing To remove everything after the first occurrence of character … Read more

## How To Cut A String In Python?

Problem: Given a string; how to split/cut the string and extract the required characters? In this article, we will be discussing some interesting scenarios which allow us to split or cut a string and extract the necessary portion of the string that we need. Let us dive into each example/scenario and have a look at … Read more

## How to Split a String Between Numbers and Letters?

Problem Formulation: Given a string of letters and numbers. How to split the string into substrings of either letters or numbers by using the boundary between a letter and a number and vice versa. Examples: Have a look at the following examples of what you want to accomplish. ‘111A222B333C’ —> [‘111’, ‘A’, ‘222’, ‘B’, ‘333’, … Read more

## Python ord() Function

The Python ord() function takes a character (=string of length one) as an input and returns the Unicode number of this character. For example, ord(‘a’) returns the Unicode number 97. The inverse function of ord() is the chr() function, so chr(ord(‘a’)) returns the original character ‘a’. Here are three examples of passed Unicode characters transformed … Read more

## Python print()

A piece of Python code is a waste of time and resource without communicating with the real world. In this tutorial, you’ll master the humble, but powerful, Python print() function. Python’s built-in print() function prints a string representation of any number of objects to the standard output. The print() function has many advanced arguments to … Read more

## Python Multi-Line Strings

Challenge: How to create a multi-line string in Python? In this tutorial, I’ll show you four methods to create and maintain multi-line strings in Python. The most Pythonic ones are the first two methods with triple single quotes ”’ … ”’ or triple double quotes “”” … “”” that wrap a string across multiple lines. … Read more

## Python Join Arguments and String Concatenation

Problem: Write a function that joins an arbitrary number of string arguments with a given separator. Example: Given the string arguments “A”, “B”, and “C” and the string separator “-“. Join them to the concatenated string “A-B-C”. Solution: The following code creates a Python function concat() that takes an arbitrary number of arguments, packs them … Read more

## Python exec() — A Hacker’s Guide to A Dangerous Function

Python’s exec() function executes the Python code you pass as a string or executable object argument. This is called dynamic execution because, in contrast to normal static Python code, you can generate code and execute it at runtime. This way, you can run programmatically-created Python code. Have you ever wondered about the limits of a … Read more

## String Slicing in Python

String slicing is a concept to carve out a substring from a given string. Use slicing notation s[start:stop:step] to access every step-th element starting from index start (included) and ending in index stop (excluded). All three arguments are optional, so you can skip them to use the default values (start=0, stop=len(string), step=1). For example, the … Read more