Google Big AI Chip Announcement – Trillium: 6-th Gen TPU (4.7x)

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Google has just announced Trillium, their sixth-generation Tensor Processing Unit (TPU), and it’s set to revolutionize the AI landscape. Let’s break down what makes Trillium so special.

Trillium Google’s MOST POWERFUL TPU | TPU | AI | Google IO Conference| What is Google's Trillium

Massive Performance Boost

Trillium TPUs deliver a whopping 4.7x increase in peak compute performance per chip compared to the previous TPU v5e. This leap is achieved through expanded matrix multiply units and increased clock speeds. What this means is faster training and serving of AI models, making AI more efficient and accessible.

This is impressive given that the previous TPU v5p was already 2.8x times faster than TPU v4. The improvements in the space are mind-boggling! 🀯

Previous version improvements (source)

By the way, here’s an interesting breakdown on when to use TPUs, according to Google:

Doubling Down on Memory and Bandwidth

Trillium doubles the capacity and bandwidth of High Bandwidth Memory (HBM) and the Interchip Interconnect (ICI). This allows the TPU to handle larger models and more data at faster speeds. Essentially, it can process twice the amount of model weights and key-value caches, improving the efficiency and speed of AI workloads.

Specialized for Advanced AI

Equipped with third-generation SparseCore, Trillium is tailored for processing ultra-large embeddings, crucial for advanced ranking and recommendation systems. This specialization helps in accelerating workloads and reducing latency, making AI applications smoother and faster.

Google’s TPU System Architecture source

Scalability and Efficiency

Trillium can scale up to 256 TPUs in a single high-bandwidth, low-latency pod. With multislice technology and Titanium Intelligence Processing Units (IPUs), it can connect thousands of chips in a supercomputer setup. Plus, it’s over 67% more energy-efficient than its predecessor, making it Google’s most sustainable TPU yet.

Real-World Applications

From autonomous vehicles to drug discovery, Trillium TPUs are set to power the next wave of AI models. Companies like Essential AI, Nuro, and Deep Genomics are already gearing up to leverage Trillium for groundbreaking advancements in their fields.

AI Hypercomputer Integration

Trillium is a key component of Google Cloud’s AI Hypercomputer, a supercomputing architecture designed for cutting-edge AI tasks. This setup integrates Trillium TPUs with open-source software frameworks and flexible consumption models, empowering developers to push the boundaries of AI.

Partnerships and Support

Google has teamed up with Hugging Face, SADA, and Lightricks to enhance AI model training and serving. These collaborations ensure that Trillium’s performance gains are easily accessible to AI developers and businesses.

Google’s Trillium TPUs are set to be available later this year.

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