5 Easy Ways to List Imported Modules in Python

3.2/5 - (4 votes)

Problem Formulation and Solution Overview

In this article, you’ll learn how to display the imported modules in Python.

As a Python Coder, you will encounter times when you need to view a list of all imported modules possessing a global or local scope. This article answers the question below.

💬 Question: How would we write Python code to display the imported modules?

We can accomplish this task by one of the following options:


Method 1: Use pip freeze

This method displays a list of all imported global module names and versions sorted, by default, in alphabetical order.

pip freeze

Navigate to the terminal window from an IDE and enter the above command. Then, hit the <Enter> key to execute. The output is sent to the terminal.

💡 Note: Your prompt may be different from the example shown above.

PIP Commands – A Simple Guide

Output (snippet)

Your imported global module names and versions may differ from that shown below.

absl-py==1.0.0
anyio==3.5.0
argon2-cffi==21.3.0
argon2-cffi-bindings==21.2.0
arrow==1.2.2
asttokens==2.0.5
astunparse==1.6.3
attrs==18.2.0
Babel==2.10.1
backcall==0.2.0
beautifulsoup4==4.10.0
...
zope.interface==5.4.0]

Method 2: Use List Comprehension

This example uses the sys library with List Comprenehsion to return all imported local module names, by default, in an unsorted list.

import sys
results = [m.__name__ for m in sys.modules.values() if m]
results = sorted(results)
print(results)

This code loops through sys.modules.values() using __name__ (aka a dunder) and determines if the item is a locally scoped module. If so, the module name saves to results.

This code sorts the results variable and saves it back to itself for readability. These results are output to the terminal in list format.

Single and Double Underscore in Python ["_" vs "__"]

Output (snippet)

Your imported local module names may differ from that shown below.

['main', '_abc', '_codecs', '_collections', '_distutils_hack', '_functools', '_imp', '_operator', '_signal', '_sitebuiltins', '_stat', '_thread', '_warnings', '_weakref', 'abc',...'zope']

Method 3: Use dir()

This example uses the dir() function to return all local module names in a sorted list format.

modules = dir()
print(modules)

The output below confirms this script displays only the names that apply to our local scope.

Python dir() — A Simple Guide with Video

Output (snippet)

Your imported local module names may differ from that shown below.

['annotations', 'builtins', 'cached', 'doc', 'file', 'loader', 'name', 'package', 'spec']

Method 4: Use inspect.getmember() and a Lambda

This example uses inspect.getmember() and a Lambda to return the imported local modules in a sorted format.

import inspect
import os
m = inspect.getmembers(os)
res = filter(lambda x: inspect.ismodule(x[1]), m)

for r in res:
    print(r)

This code returns the names of the imported local modules and their location on the system as an iterable object. A for the loop is used to iterate through this and output one/line.

Let's Play Finxter - The Lambda Function in Python

Output

('abc', <module 'abc' from 'C:\\mypythoninstall\\lib\\abc.py'>)
('path', <module 'ntpath' from 'C:\\mypythoninstall\\lib\\ntpath.py'>)
('st', <module 'stat' from 'C:\\mypythoninstall\\lib\\stat.py'>)
('sys', <module 'sys' from 'C:\\mypythoninstall\\lib\\sys.py'>)

Bonus: Count Modules

If you want to determine the total number of imported modules, use the dir() and len() functions.

count = dir()
print(len(count))

This code references the imported local modules and uses len() to determine how many are imported. The output is sent to the terminal.

Output

Your count may differ from the output below.

11

Summary

These four (4) methods to list imported modules should give you enough information to select the best one for your coding requirements.

Good Luck & Happy Coding!