Pandas DataFrame asfreq() Method

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Before any data manipulation can occur, two (2) new libraries will require installation.

  • The Pandas library enables access to/from a DataFrame.
  • The NumPy library supports multi-dimensional arrays and matrices in addition to a collection of mathematical functions.

To install these libraries, navigate to an IDE terminal. At the command prompt ($), execute the code below. For the terminal used in this example, the command prompt is a dollar sign ($). Your terminal prompt may be different.

$ pip install pandas

Hit the <Enter> key on the keyboard to start the installation process.

$ pip install numpy

Hit the <Enter> key on the keyboard to start the installation process.

If the installations were successful, a message displays in the terminal indicating the same.

FeFeel free to view the PyCharm installation guide for the required libraries.

Add the following code to the top of each code snippet. This snippet will allow the code in this article to run error-free.

import pandas as pd
import numpy

DataFrame asfreq()

The asfreq() method converts a time series to a specified frequency. To view a list of available frequencies, click here.

The syntax for this method is as follows:

DataFrame.asfreq(freq, method=None, how=None, normalize=False, fill_value=None)
freqClick here to view the frequencies, or navigate to an IDE and run: print(pd.tseries.offsets.__all__)
methodThis parameter completes missing values in an indexed Series (non-NaN). The available options are:
backfill/bfill: last valid observation to the following valid observation.
pad/ffill: use the following valid observation to fill.
howThe available options are start and end. The default is end.
normalizeDetermines whether to reset the output index to midnight.
fill_valueThis parameter is the fill value(s) to apply to missing values (not NaN values).

For this example, five (5) random integers generate and display on sequential (Daily Frequency) days and business (Business Day Frequency) days.

Code – Example 1

lst = np.random.randint(10,60, size=5)
idx = pd.date_range('1/16/2022', periods=5, freq='D')
series = pd.Series(lst, index= idx)
df = pd.DataFrame({'Series': series})

result = df.asfreq(freq='B')
  • Line [1] generates five (5) random integers between the specified range and saves them to lst.
  • Line [2] does the following:
    • An index creates based on the start date for five (5) days.
    • The frequency changes to 'D' (Daily Frequency).
    • The output saves to idx.
  • Line [3] creates a Series based on the lst and idx variables. This output saves to series.
  • Line [4] creates a DataFrame from the series variable and saves it to df.
  • Line [5] outputs the DataFrame to the terminal.
  • Line [6] uses the asfreq() method to set the frequency to 'B' (Business Day Frequency). This output saves to result.
  • Line [7] outputs the result to the terminal.


df (5 consecutive days)

2022-01-16     13
2022-01-17     15
2022-01-18     19
2022-01-20    26

result (5 business days – M-F)

2022-01-17     15
2022-01-18     19
2022-01-20    26

January 16, 2022, does not display in the result table as it falls on Sunday.

Selecting 'B' as a frequency will ignore any date that does not fall between Monday-Friday.

More Pandas DataFrame Methods

Feel free to learn more about the previous and next pandas DataFrame methods (alphabetically) here:

Also, check out the full cheat sheet overview of all Pandas DataFrame methods.