Python — How to Import Modules From Another Folder?

The most Pythonic way to import a module from another folder is to place an empty file named into that folder and use the relative path with the dot notation. For example, a module in the parent folder would be imported with from .. import module. The file signals to Python that the folder should be treated as package.

Problem: How to import a file or a module from another folder or directory in Python?

Example: Say, you’ve given the following folder structure:

 ├── app
 │   └── folder
 │       └──
 └── app2
     └── some_folder

Your goal is to import functions from in

Method 1: sys.path.append()

The first method appends the path of the to the system’s path variable.

import sys

import file_1

Note that you need to replace the first three dots in '/…/application/app/folder' with the concrete path to the applications folder.

Method 2: sys.path.insert()

A similar alternative is to insert the path of to position 1 of the system’s path variable. This ensures that it’s loaded with higher priority and avoids some naming conflicts:

import sys
sys.path.insert(1, '/.../application/app/folder')

import file

Again, replace the first three dots in '/…/application/app/folder' with the concrete path to the applications folder.

Method 3: Dot Notation with

You can also do the following trick—creating a new package.

from import func_name

However, you need to make sure to include an empty file in the directory. This file tells Python to treat the directory as a package. It is considered to be the most Pythonic way of solving this problem.

Method 4: Importlib

A not-so Pythonic alternative is to use the importlib module:

import importlib.util
spec = importlib.util.spec_from_file_location("file_2", '/.../application/app/folder')
lib = importlib.util.module_from_spec(spec)


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