If you print a hexadecimal number, Python uses the prefix
'0x' to indicate that it’s a number in the hexadecimal system and not in the decimal system like normal integers.
print(hex(42)) # 0x2a
However, if you already know that the output numbers are hexadecimal, you don’t necessarily need the
How to print hex numbers without the
Method 1: Slicing
To skip the prefix, use slicing and start with index 2 on the hexadecimal string. For example, to skip the prefix
'0x' on the result of
x = hex(42) ='0x2a', use the slicing operation
x[2:] that results in just the hexadecimal number
'2a' without the prefix
x = hex(42) print(x) # 0x2a print(x[2:]) # 2a
Feel free to dive into the
hex() built-in function in this video tutorial:
But what if you actually want to replace the prefix
'0x' with the prefix
'00' so that the resulting string has the same length?
Method 2: Slicing + zfill()
string.zfill() method fills the string from the left with
'0' characters. In combination with slicing from the third character, you can easily construct a hexadecimal string without leading
'0x' characters and with leading
'0' characters up to the length passed into the
print(hex(42)[2:].zfill(4)) # 002a
Alternatively, if you want to create a string with 8 characters, use
print(hex(42)[2:].zfill(8)) # 0000002a
You can learn more about
zfill() in this video about Python string methods:
Method 3: Negative Hex Numbers
If you need to handle negative hexadecimal numbers, the above methods do not work because the hex number now needs to replace the second and third character
'0x'. For example, the hexadecimal number
'-0x2a'. You cannot simply skip the first two characters to obtain the correct result, can you? At the same time, if you always skipped or replaced the second and third characters, it wouldn’t work for positive numbers either. So what to do?
To print a positive or negative hexadecimal without the
'-0x' prefixes, you can simply use the
string.replace('x', '0') method and replace each occurrence of
'0'. The resulting string is mathematically correct because leading
'0's don’t change the value of the number.
# Negative Hexadecimal print(hex(-42).replace('x', '0')) # -002a # Positive Hexadecimal print(hex(42).replace('x', '0')) # 002a
Where to Go From Here?
Enough theory, let’s get some practice!
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