💬 Question: Given a Python string. How to split the string after the second occurrence of the separator (string or character)? In other words: how to ignore the first separator occurrence when splitting a string?
Here are three examples:
sep='-'should be split to
['a-b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f', 'g', 'h']
sep='-'should be split to
sep='xxx'should be split to
['helloxxxworld', 'python', 'is', 'great']
You can split a string after the second occurrence of a given character in three steps:
- First, split the whole string using the separator sep in
- Second, combine the first two elements of the resulting split list using the
- Third, use slicing and list concatenation to create a new result list.
The following code creates a function that takes as input a string
s and a separator string
sep and splits the string at the second occurrence:
def my_split(s, sep): all_split = s.split(sep) return [sep.join(all_split[0:2])] + all_split[2:] print(my_split('a-b-c-d-e-f-g-h', '-')) # ['a-b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f', 'g', 'h'] print(my_split('a-b', '-')) # ['a-b'] print(my_split('helloxxxworldxxxpythonxxxisxxxgreat', 'xxx')) # ['helloxxxworld', 'python', 'is', 'great']
The code does multiple things.
First, it creates a list
all_split by splitting the string
s using separator
sep. For example, when using it on string
sep='-', it would return
['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f', 'g', 'h'].
👉 Recommended Tutorial: Python String Split
Second, it combines the first two elements using the separator string
sep between them by running
Recommended Tutorials: 👇
- Python String Join for
- Python Slicing for
Third, it puts the result into a list using the square bracket notation, i.e., we get a list with one string element
['a-b'] for our example.
👉 Recommended Tutorial: How to Create a Python List?
Fourth, you concatenate this list with the remaining
all_split list, ignoring the first two split results, that are already merged to ignore the first split, by using the slicing expression
In our example, we get
['c', 'd', 'e', 'f', 'g', 'h'] that concatenates to
['a-b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f', 'g', 'h'].
👉 Recommended Tutorials: List Concatenation in Python
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