Problem: How to match dollar amounts in a given string? If cent amounts are given, those should match as well.
Solution: You can use regular expression pattern
'(\$[0-9]+(.[0-9]+)?)' to find all numbers that start with a dollar symbol, followed by an arbitrary number of numerical digits, followed by an optional decimal point and an arbitrary number of numerical digits.
Here’s the code:
import re report = ''' If you invested $1 in the year 1801, you would have $18087791.41 today. This is a 7.967% return on investment. But if you invested only $0.25 in 1801, you would end up with $4521947.8525. ''' dollars = [x for x in re.findall('(\$[0-9]+(\.[0-9]+)?)', report)] print(dollars)
Python One-Liners Book
Python programmers will improve their computer science skills with these useful one-liners.
Python One-Liners will teach you how to read and write “one-liners”: concise statements of useful functionality packed into a single line of code. You’ll learn how to systematically unpack and understand any line of Python code, and write eloquent, powerfully compressed Python like an expert.
The book’s five chapters cover tips and tricks, regular expressions, machine learning, core data science topics, and useful algorithms. Detailed explanations of one-liners introduce key computer science concepts and boost your coding and analytical skills. You’ll learn about advanced Python features such as list comprehension, slicing, lambda functions, regular expressions, map and reduce functions, and slice assignments. You’ll also learn how to:
• Leverage data structures to solve real-world problems, like using Boolean indexing to find cities with above-average pollution
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• Calculate basic statistics of multidimensional data arrays and the K-Means algorithms for unsupervised learning
• Create more advanced regular expressions using grouping and named groups, negative lookaheads, escaped characters, whitespaces, character sets (and negative characters sets), and greedy/nongreedy operators
• Understand a wide range of computer science topics, including anagrams, palindromes, supersets, permutations, factorials, prime numbers, Fibonacci numbers, obfuscation, searching, and algorithmic sorting
By the end of the book, you’ll know how to write Python at its most refined, and create concise, beautiful pieces of “Python art” in merely a single line.